In the 12 months between last year’s list and this year’s ranking we have witnessed the rise and fall of fortunes in various ways. Some people’s reputations have flourished while others have been sullied; some companies’ profits have grown while others have dived; and some long-standing members of the Arab world’s business community have started to give way to their younger counterparts.

In this year’s collection of powerful and influential individuals we have a heady mix of consolidation and breakthrough. Some of the most recognisable names on our list have strengthened their grip on their particular industry, while others have emerged from relative obscurity to make an impact on the world – be it economically, socially, or otherwise.

There are 12 new arrivals on the 2019 list, with the highest placed debutant taking 19th position, and the lowest just making the cut in 100th place.

In total 37 people placed higher this year than last, while 35 placed lower and 16 stayed in the same position.

As usual we have not included members of royal families or government ministers, unless they have an overt presence in the business world.

Read on to find out exactly who has risen and fallen, who has joined the list and how power is being exercised by Arabs around the world.

1HH Sheikh Ahmed bin Saeed Al Maktoum ChairmanUAEEmirates / Emirates NBDDiversified
2HE Khalid Al Falih ChairmanKSAAramcoEnergy
3Carlos Slim Helu Honorary chairmanLebanonAmerica MovilTelecoms
4Yousef Abdullah Al Benyan Vice chairman and CEOKSASABICIndustry
5Joseph Safra ChairmanSyriaSafra GroupFinance
6HE Mohamed Alabbar ChairmanUAEEmaar / Noon.comReal estate / retail
7HE Khaldoon Khalifa Al Mubarak CEO, ChairmanUAEMubadala Investment, City Football GroupDiversified
8HRH Prince Alwaleed bin Talal Abdulaziz Al Saud ChairmanKSAKingdom Holding CompanyFinance
9HE Abdul Aziz Al Ghurair CEOUAEMashreqFinance
10HE Dr Sultan Al Jaber Director general and CEO, ChairmanUAEADNOC, MasdarEnergy
11HE Mohammed Ibrahim Al Shaibani Executive director and CEOUAEInvestment Corporation of DubaiFinance
12Amin Nasser President and CEOKSAAramcoEnergy
13HE Sultan Ahmed bin Sulayem Chairman and CEOUAEDP World, Virgin, Hyperloop OneLogistics / transport
14HE Abdulla Al Habbai ChairmanUAEDubai Holding / MeraasDiversified
15HE Noura Al Kaabi ChairwomanUAEMedia Zone Authority – Abu Dhabi / twofour54Media
16HE Reem Al Hashimy Director generalUAEDubai Expo 2020Diversified
17HE Essa Kazim Chairman / GovernorUAEDubai Financial Market / Bourse Dubai / DIFCFinance
18Mohamed bin Issa Al Jaber Chairman and CEOKSAMBI InternationalDiversified
19Saeed bin Muhammad Al Ghamdi ChairmanKSANational Commercial Bank CompanyFinance
20Lubna Olayan Deputy chairwoman and CEOKSAOlayan Financing CompanyFinance
21Mohamed Salah FootballerEgyptLiverpool FCSport
22HH Reema bint Bandar Al Saud VP/PresidentKSAPlanning and Development General Sports Authority of Saudi Arabia/ Saudi Federation for Community SportsSport
23Ibrahim bin Abdul Rahman Al Omar GovernorKSASaudi Arabian General Investment Authority Diversified
24HE Mohamed Khalifa Al Mubarak Chairman, CEOUAE Abu Dhabi Tourism and Culture Authority , Aldar PropertiesDiversified
25HE Dr Raja Easa Al Gurg Managing directorUAEEasa Saleh Al Gurg GroupDiversified
26Majid Al Futtaim FounderUAEMajid Al FuttaimDiversified
27Mohammed Alshaya Executive chairmanKuwaitMH AlshayaRetail
28HE Sarah bint Yousif Al Amiri Deputy project manager, ChairwomanUAEEmirates Mars Mission, UAE Council of ScientistsScience and technology
29Khalaf Al Habtoor ChairmanUAEAl Habtoor GroupReal estate
30Huda Kattan FounderIraq-USHuda BeautyCulture and society
31Abdulhamid Mohammed Saeed Group CEOUAEFirst Abu Dhabi BankFinance
32Mohammed bin Abdullah El Kuwaiz ChairmanKSASaudi Capital Market AuthorityFinance
33Sheikh Sulaiman bin Abdulaziz Al Rajhi Co-founderKSAAl Rajhi BankFinance
34Omar K Alghanim CEOKuwaitAlghanim IndustriesDiversified
35Fadi Ghandour Co-founder and executive chairmanJordanWamda CapitalFinance
36Mahmood Hashim Al Kooheji CEOBahrainMumtalakatFinance
37Zainab Salbi FounderIraqWomen for Women InternationalCulture
38HH Sultan bin Mohammed bin Saud Al Kabeer Co-founder and chairmanKSAAlmaraiFMCG
39Sheikh Abdallah bin Bayyah Chairman/PresidentMauritaniaEmirates Fatwa Council/Forum for Promoting Peace in Muslim SocietiesCulture and society
40Mohamed Mansour ChairmanEgyptMansour GroupDiversified
41HE Dr Mohammed Nasser Al Ahbabi Director generalUAEUAE Space AgencyScience and technology 
42Nayla Hayek Chairwoman / CEOLebanon-SwitzerlandSwatch Group / Harry Winston IncRetail
43Bader Al Kharafi Director/ Vice-chaiman and CEOKuwaitMA Al Kharafi & Sons / Zain KuwaitDiversified
44Saleh Al Abdooli CEOUAEEtisalatTelecoms
45Mohammed bin Mahfoodh Alardhi Executive chairman / ChairmanOmanInvestcorp / National Bank of OmanFinance
46Ali Rashid Lootah ChairmanUAENakheelReal estate
47Mohammed Al Barwani ChairmanOmanMB HoldingEnergy
48DJ Khaled producerPalestineRap artist and record producerCulture and society
49HE Hesham Al Qassim CEOUAEwasl Asset Management GroupReal estate
50Khaled bin Saleh Al Mudaifer CEO and presidentKSASaudi Arabian Mining Company (Ma’aden)Industry
51Mazin Al Nahedh Group CEOKuwaitKuwait Finance HouseFinance
52HE Hamad Buamim President and CEOUAEDubai Chamber of Commerce and IndustryDiversified
53Nassef Sawiris CEO / Executive chairmanEgyptOCI / Aston Villa FCIndustry / sport
54Hussain Sajwan CEO and chairmanUAEDamacReal estate
55Ronaldo Mouchawar CEOSyriaSouq.comRetail
56Mohamed Al Hammadi CEOUAEEmirates Nuclear Energy CorporationEnergy
57Ala’a Eraiqat CEOUAEAbu Dhabi Commercial BankFinance
58Haifaa Al Mansour FilmmakerKSACulture and society
59Naguib Sawiris ChairmanEgyptOrascomTelecoms
60Ahmad Al Shugairi Activist and media personalityKSAMedia
61Mishal Kanoo ChairmanBahrain-UAEKanoo GroupDiversified
62Faisal Al Bannai Founder and managing directorUAEDarkMatter GroupScience and technology
63Badr Jafar CEOUAE-IraqCrescent EnterprisesDiversified
64Rania Mahmoud Nashar CEOKSASamba Financial GroupFinance
65Rami Malek ActorEgypt-USCulture and society
67Omar Abdulrahman FootballerUAEAl Hilal FCSport
66Nasser Sulaiman Al Nasser Group CEOKSASaudi Telecom CompanyTelecoms
68Turki bin Abdul Mohsen Al Asheikh PresidentKSASaudi General Sports AuthoritySport
69Elie Saab Fashion designerLebanonCulture and society
70Nemat Shafik DirectorEgyptLondon School of EconomicsEducation
71Suhail Salim Bahwan ChairmanOmanSuhail Bahwan Holding GroupDiversified
72Issad Rebrab CEOAlgeriaCevitalDiversified
73Osman Sultan CEOUAEduTelecoms
74Dr Amina Al Rostamani DirectorUAEAW Rostamani GroupDiversified
75Gigi and Bella Hadid ModelsPalestine-USCulture and society
76Othman Benjelloun Chairman and CEOMoroccoBMCE BankFinance
77Ghaith Al Ghaith CEOUAEflydubaiAviation
78Joelle Mardinian Founder and CEOLebanonJoelle GroupCulture and society
79Abdulla Jassem Kalban CEO and managing director,UAEEmirates Global AluminiumIndustry
80Mohammed Abu Ghazaleh Chairman and CEOPalestine-USFresh Del MonteFMCG
81Mohammed Assaf SingerPalestineCulture and society
82Munib Al Masri ChairmanPalestineEdgo GroupDiversified
83Hoda Kotb Media personalityEgypt-USMedia
84Nabil Habayeb President and CEOLebanon-USGE Middle East, North Africa and TurkeyIndustry
85Jassim Al Seddiqi CEOUAEAbu Dhabi Financial GroupFinance
86Issam Kazim CEOUAEDubai Corporation for Tourism and Commerce MarketingTourism
87Linda Sarsour ActivistPalestine-USCulture and society
88Mohammed Ateeq Al Falahi Secretary generalUAEEmirates Red Crescent SocietyCulture and society
89Adwa Al Dakheel Founder and CEOKSAFalak Business HubDiversified
90Salwa Idrissi Akhannouch Founder and CEOMoroccoAksal GroupRetail / real estate
91Mohammed Al Amoudi OwnerKSA-EthiopiaMIDROCDiversified
92Hala Gorani Media personalitySyriaMedia
93Raha Moharrak AdventurerKSACulture and society
94Muna Abu­Sulayman Media personalityKSAMedia
95HE Fatima Al Jaber COOUAEAl Jaber GroupDiversified
96Shaikha Al Bahar Deputy group CEOKuwaitNational Bank of KuwaitFinance
97Ahed Tamimi ActivistPalestineCulture and society
98Sultan Sooud Al Qassemi FounderUAEBurjeel Art FoundationCulture and society
99Ahmad Ashkar Founder and CEPalestineHult Prize FoundationCulture and society
100Abdulaziz Al Sowailim Chairman and CEOKSAEY Middle East and North AfricaDiversified