How Muddy Waters is hammering Indian billionaire’s BR Shetty's NMC
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How Muddy Waters is hammering Indian billionaire’s BR Shetty’s NMC

How Muddy Waters is hammering Indian billionaire’s BR Shetty’s NMC

The London-listed company’s share price has fallen 24 per cent this year to 13.48 pounds


After seeing its market value soar to more than $10bn less than two years ago, NMC Health is now struggling to cling on to investors. The Middle Eastern hospital operator, founded by billionaire Bavaguthu Raghuram Shetty, is in the spotlight after Carson Block’s Muddy Waters Capital claimed it’s understating debt and overstating cash. Shares in the firm and one of its sister companies have slumped.

The accusations in a Dec. 17 report, which NMC denies, have sent the London-listed firm’s market value plummeting 48 per cent to 2.8bn pounds ($3.7bn) and wiped $1.5bn off the Shetty family’s fortune.

Trading in the London-listed company has surged to an average of almost 2.5 million shares a day, from around 560,000 in the preceding three months. Its share price has fallen 24 per cent this year to 13.48 pounds.

What are the allegations against NMC?

Insufficient disclosure of related-party transactions, manipulation of the balance sheet and inflated asset purchases are some of Muddy Waters’s most serious allegations. NMC’s $107m redevelopment of NMC Royal Women’s Hospital in Abu Dhabi “contains numerous red flags,” the short seller said. NMC also appears to have paid too much for a stake in Premier Care Home Medical and Health Care, based in the same city, the report alleged.

NMC’s margins are “too good to be true” relative to peers, said Muddy Waters, which is shorting the company’s stock. “We are unsure how deep the rot at NMC goes, but we do not believe that its insiders or financials can be trusted.”

How has NMC responded?

NMC said the report was “false and misleading.” The company approached the UK’s Financial Conduct Authority with evidence it says shows that a number of hedge funds acted together to bring down the share price. It announced share buyback of as much as $200m and hired former FBI director Louis Freeh to look into Block’s claims.

What else is rattling investors?

Emirates NBD sold 1.04 per cent of NMC last week at a price of 14.04 pounds. The proceeds will be used to repay a loan taken on by Infinite Investment. Earlier this month, two major shareholders offloaded nearly $500m worth of stock at below the market price. NMC’s executive vice chairman Khalifa Bin Butti had pledged the shares as collateral against loans, according to a December 2017 filing. Proceeds from the sale will be used to pay down debt.

The Muddy Water’s allegations follow the 2018 collapse of Dubai-based buyout firm Abraaj Group, which investors accused of extensive corporate governance failures. NMC is the only FTSE 100 company from the Middle East — and now the smallest member by market value. The claims against NMC may be a further blow for the region, which has been trying to diversify from oil and attract investors.

What’s happening with Shetty’s other investments?

Indian-born Shetty has set up a business empire spanning healthcare and financial services. His holdings have taken a hit since the Muddy Waters report. He created Finablr in 2018 to consolidate his payments and money-trading brands such as Travelex Holdings and the UAE Exchange Centre. The holding company, which was listed in London in May, has seen its shares crash 44 per cent in 2020, while a cyberattack has rocked Travelex.

Is there any upside?

NMC has re-affirmed its 2019 and 2020 forecasts and many analysts covering it still have a buy rating. Investors like The Capital Group Companies and Krupa Global Investments have boosted their stakes in the company.

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