The GCC is expected to account for 13 per cent of the world’s total aluminium production by the end of 2013, with total output estimated to reach five million tonnes per year by 2014.
Aluminium Bahrain (Alba), Dubai Aluminium (Dubal), Emirates Aluminium (Emal), Qatar Aluminium (Qatalum) and Sohar in Oman collectively produced 3.73 million tonnes of primary aluminium in 2012, up seven per cent from 3.48 million tonnes in 2011, according to the Gulf Aluminium Council (GAC).
The region is ramping up production even as global demand for aluminium is anticipated to reach 70 million tonnes per year by 2020.
Abu Dhabi’s Emal plans to increase production capacity to 1.3 million tonnes by 2014 and the Ma’aden Aluminium Complex in Saudi Arabia’s Ras Al Khair, a $10.8 billion joint venture with Alcoa, will have a total output of 740,000 tonnes per year when complete.
Here are the top 10 operational primary aluminium smelters in the world by capacity, as of December 2012.
1. Name: Huomei Hongjun Aluminium Smelter
Capacity in tonnes per year (tpy): 1,060,000
2. Name: Dubai Aluminium Co (Dubal)
City: Jebel Ali, Dubai
Capacity (tpy): 1,040,000
3. Name: Krasnoyarsk Aluminium Works (BrAZ)
Capacity (tpy): 1,008,000
4. Name: Bratsk Aluminium Works (BrAZ)
Capacity (tpy): 1,006,000
5. Name: Aluminium Bahrain (Alba)
Capacity (tpy): 890,000
6. Name: Xinjiang Easthope Coal Power & Aluminium
Capacity (tpy): 860,000
7. Name: Emirates Aluminium (Emal)
Capacity (tpy): 800,000
8. Name: Dongfang Xiwang Aluminium Smelter Innermongolia
City: Dongfang Xiwang
Capacity (tpy): 780,000
9. Name: Xinfa Group
Capacity (tpy): 740,000
10. Name: Hillside Aluminium
Country: South Africa
City: Richards Bay, Hillside
Capacity (tpy): 720,000
Source: Light Metal Age