Saudi Arabia said last week it was installing four cranes at three ports in Yemen to help boost humanitarian aid deliveries and was ready to assist with installing cranes at the key port of Hodeidah once it was under control of a neutral party.
The Saudi mission to the United Nations said in a statement that the cranes were being installed at the ports of Aden, Mukalla and Al-Mokha – which are all under the control of a Saudi-led military coalition fighting in Yemen.
The coalition has said it was determined to help Yemen’s government retake all areas of the country held by Houthi militia, including Hodeidah port, and would ensure alternative entry routes for badly needed food and medicine.
The United Nations has worked to avert attacks on Hodeidah, a vital Red Sea aid delivery point for millions of Yemenis in danger of slipping into famine. Around 80 per cent of Yemen’s food imports arrive via Hodeidah.
“Saudi Arabia is deeply concerned about the deteriorating humanitarian situation,” it said. “We have always supported every effort to ensure that the people of Yemen receive the aid and relief they require especially in times of crisis.”
The coalition began an air campaign in March 2015 to help defeat the Iran-allied Houthi rebels.
Five Hodeidah cranes have been destroyed by coalition air strikes, forcing ships to line up offshore because they could not be unloaded. The United Nations has said the coalition prevented it from delivering mobile cranes to the port earlier this year.
The coalition has accused the Houthis of using the port to smuggle weapons and ammunition and has called for U.N. monitors to be posted there. The Houthi movement denies the allegations.
The United Nations has proposed that Hodeidah be handed to a neutral party to smooth the flow of humanitarian relief and prevent the port being engulfed by Yemen’s two-year-old war.
“The coalition … reaffirms its readiness to facilitate the immediate installation of cranes at the port of Hodeidah, in line with the secretary-General’s special envoy Ismail Ould Cheikh Ahmed latest proposals,” the Saudi statement said.
The United Nations Security Council urged the warring parties in Yemen in June to reach a U.N. brokered deal on management of Hodeidah and resumption of government salary payments as the country slides closer to famine.
Top U.N. officials last month accused the parties fighting in Yemen and their international allies of fueling an unprecedented deadly cholera outbreak, driving millions closer to famine and hindering humanitarian aid access.