Oil reaches multi-year highs

Sentiment was boosted by a surprise drop in US production and lower US crude inventories

Oil output freeze by Saudi, Russia to have 'miniscule' impact on oversupply

Oil prices hit multi-year highs on Thursday despite warnings that a 13 per cent rally since early December was close to running its course.

Brent crude futures rose $0.27 to $69.47 a barrel at 10:39am GMT, its highest since an intra-day spike in May 2015. US West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude futures were at $63.94, up $0.37 to their highest since December 2014.

Sentiment was boosted by a surprise drop in US production and lower US crude inventories in official data on Wednesday.

“The undeniable fact is that [US] crude oil inventories are at their lowest level since August 2015,” said PVM Oil Associates analyst Tamas Varga. “OPEC is edging ever closer to its desired target of reducing OECD industrial stocks to the five-year average.”

Read: UAE energy minister not concerned with current oil price

Data from the US Energy Information Administration on Wednesday showed that crude inventories fell by almost 5 million barrels to 419.5 million barrels in the week to January 5.

US production also fell by 290,000 barrels per day (bpd) to 9.5 million bpd, the EIA said, despite expectations of output breaking through 10 million bpd.

The drop, likely to be because of extreme cold weather that halted some onshore output in North America, was expected to be short-lived.

But on Thursday UAE oil minister and current OPEC president Suhail al-Mazrouei said he expects the market to balance in 2018 and that the producer group is committed to its supply reduction pact until the end of this year.

Production cuts led by the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) and Russia, which started in January last year and are set to continue throughout 2018, have underpinned prices.

AMPLE FUEL

Still, downward pressure emerged in the physical market, where OPEC’s second and third-largest producers, Iran and Iraq, this week cut their prices to remain competitive.

Fuel inventories in Asia and the United States remain ample and in some cases are rising.

US gasoline stocks climbed by a bigger than expected 4.1 million barrels, EIA data showed.

In Asia’s Singapore oil trading hub, average refinery profit margins have fallen below $6 a barrel, their lowest seasonal level in five years.

“Markets are getting a bit fatigued and a healthy correction could be on the cards,” said Stephen Innes, head of trading for Asia/Pacific at futures brokerage Oanda in Singapore.

An annual survey of just over 1,000 energy professionals conducted by Reuters showed expectations that oil prices would remain close to current levels, averaging around $60 to $70 per barrel through the end of the decade.

Long-term price expectations have become anchored around $70 per barrel – with forecasts clustered in a range of $60-$70 for 2018 widening to $60-$80 by 2020.