Iraq’s Kurdistan region will immediately pay $1bn to UAE-based Dana Gas and its partners to settle a long-running London court case, the two sides said on Wednesday.
The full and final settlement of the $2.24bn case is the latest effort by the semi-autonomous region to put its finances in order ahead of a referendum next month seeking independence from the government in Baghdad.
Last week, Kurdistan signed deals with key oil producers on its territory to clear outstanding debts, but the long-running dispute with Dana was still clouding the picture.
Dana Gas, its parent Crescent Petroleum and its partners filed a case against the Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG) in the London Court of International Arbitration in October 2013, accusing it of underpaying for gas liquids production.
The KRG has argued the case came amid its fight against ISIL and as its budget suffered from a steep drop in revenues due to lower oil prices, which forced it to postpone and restructure payments to some counter-parties.
Under the settlement, Kurdistan will immediately pay $600m to the Pearl Consortium, in which Dana and Crescent own 70 per cent and their partners Austria’s OMV, Hungary’s MOL and Germany’s RWE own 10 per cent each.
Kurdistan will also immediately pay another $400m to go exclusively towards Pearl’s further development to increase production at its fields.
The balance of $1.24bn will be reclassified from debt to outstanding costs to be recovered by Pearl from future revenues.
“This settlement … opens a new chapter in the relationship between the parties and will take the development of the important natural gas sector to new heights,” said Kurdistan Minister of Natural Resources Ashti Hawrami.
Kurdistan has ramped up oil sales independent from Baghdad in past years and is hoping to steeply raise gas output and exports as it seeks economic and possibly political independence from Baghdad.
“The settlement of all debts and restoration of full cooperation gives a positive outlook for further investment and full realisation of the enormous resource potential of the areas,” Majid Jafar, chief executive of Crescent Petroleum, said in a statement.
Pearl agreed to steeply raise gas production within two years while Kurdistan agreed to add two new blocks to Pearl’s two existing fields and improve the deal’s terms to levels it offers to international firms under production sharing agreements.
The settlement is significant for both parties, with Kurdistan settling the dispute at a time it is working on reshaping public finances and filling budget holes caused by a fall in crude prices.
For Dana, the Kurdish settlement will be eagerly watched by its bond holders which are disputing in courts in London and the UAE a move by Dana to restructure a $700m sukuk bond on the grounds it is no longer sharia-compliant.
The Pearl consortium says it has invested more than $1.2bn and produced over 150 million barrels equivalent of gas and petroleum liquids in Kurdistan but non-payments from the region has complicated its finances.
Pearl develops the Khor Mor and Chemchemal gas fields. Under the settlement it agreed to increase production at Khor Mor by 500 million cubic feet a day or 160 per cent from the current levels within two years.